Modeling the Impact of Traffic-Related Air Pollution on Childhood Respiratory Illness

TitleModeling the Impact of Traffic-Related Air Pollution on Childhood Respiratory Illness
Publication TypeBook Chapter
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsBest N, Ickstadt K, Wolpert RL, Cockings S, Elliott P, Bennett J, Bottle A, Reed S, Gatsonig C, Kass R, Carlin B, Carriquiry A, Gelman A, Verdinelli I, West M
Book TitleCase Studies in Bayesian Statistics, Volume V
Volume162
Pagination183-259
PublisherSpringer
CityNew York
ISBN Number978-1-4613-0035-9
ISBN978-0-387-95169-0
Other NumbersSeries ISSN: 0930-0325
Abstract

Epidemiological studies of the health effects of outdoor air pollution have suffered from a number of methodological difficulties. These include major problems of estimating exposure; confounding due to socioeconomic deprivation and other factors; failure to account for possible spatial dependence induced by unmeasured covariates with smooth spatial variation; and the potential for bias arising from approximation and aggregation in the data. We present a flexible modeling framework using recently developed Bayesian spatial regression methods to address some of these issues. We apply this approach to a study of the relation of London traffic pollution to the incidence of respiratory ailments in infants using the recently available Hospital Episodes Statistics (HES) dataset.

URLhttp://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-1-4613-0035-9_3
DOI10.1007/978-1-4613-0035-9_3